Title: Capacity with a pOsitive enviRonmEntal and societAL footprInt: portS in the future era – COREALIS Contracting Authority: European Commission H2020 Contract Number: 768994
Start Date: 01/05/2018 End Date: 30/04/2021
EC funding: 5,150,540.00 €
Project Coordinator: Dr. Angelos Amditis, ICCS (A.Amditis@iccs.gr)
COREALIS proposes a strategic, innovative framework, supported by disruptive technologies, including Internet of Things (IoT), data analytics, next generation traffic management and emerging 5G networks, for cargo ports to handle upcoming and future capacity, traffic, efficiency and environmental challenges. The proposed beyond state of the art innovations, target to increase efficiency and optimize land use, while being financially viable, respecting circular economy principles and being of service to the urban environment.
The innovations will be implemented and tested in real operating conditions in 5 Living Labs, namely Piraeus port, Valencia port, Antwerp port, Livorno port and Haminakotka port, and are briefly presented in the figure below:
These port-driven technological and societal innovations are tailored to realize COREALIS high level objectives, which are focused on:
Embracing circular economy models in its port strategy and operations.
Reducing the port’s total environmental footprint associated with intermodal connections and the surrounding urban environment for three major transport modes, road/truck, rail and inland waterways.
Improving operational efficiency, optimizing yard capacity and streamlining cargo flows without additional infrastructural investments.
Enabling the port to take informed medium-term and long-term strategic decisions and become an innovation hub of the local urban space.
The aforementioned objectives will be fulfilled through the implementation of a 3-step ‘Stakeholder driven approach’ methodology, which starts with the identification of port requirements (technical, operational, societal, environmental, legal, security etc.) (Phase 1), it continues with the technical design and development of COREALIS innovations (Phase 2), and it ends up with COREALIS Innovations Impact Assessment and Living Labs (LLs) full-scale implementation (Phase 3).
The ultimate ambition of COREALIS is to achieve a significant step forward for future ports to maximize their capacity and efficiency with minimum infrastructure upgrades, while at the same time ameliorating the port-city relation. To this end, COREALIS project is expecting to have a multi-dimensional impact and a high innovation potential:
Impact on environment
A great challenge for European ports is the reduction of their negative environmental effect on local communities caused by the handling of the goods in the ports and the hinterland distribution activities.
COREALIS innovations aim for a lower environmental impact of port operations, to achieve significant reduction of the CO2 port emissions and noise.
Impact on operations
European ports are currently facing the challenge of adapting to the current trends in global trade and efficiently handling the increasing volumes placed on them.
COREALIS palette of ICT components are focused on meeting the capacity and efficiency targets. The proposed framework aims to improve the terminal operations efficiency, maximise the use of the infrastructure and equipment and decrease operational costs as well as external costs such as congestion, waiting and idle times.
Impact on society
The establishment of a bidirectional relation with the urban space surrounding, is of utmost importance for COREALIS, which targets in the citizens and stakeholders’ satisfaction through the betterment of life quality and the improvement of the hinterland connection.
COREALIS aims to establish efficient connections with hinterland transport network and promote the use of the most energy-efficient transport modes (e.g. railway and inland waterways). It will foster the smart urban development of port-cities, enabling port managers to take informed decisions towards sustainable policies with city stakeholders.
In COREALIS, a constellation of key ports of South, Central and Northern Europe have joined forces – Antwerp (POA), Valencia (Fundación Valenciaport), Piraeus (PCT), Livorno (AdSPTS), Haminakotka (Steveco). They cover a wide area, from the Baltic, Atlantic to the MED sea, linked with a large part of the TEN-T corridor network.
COREALIS also includes top-level EU research institutes, namely ICCS with vast experience in coordinating EU projects and in impact assessment for large scale field operational tests, VTT, with strong expertise in process modelling, Deltares, with expertise in port infrastructure development and in training tools for port operators, Fundación Valenciaport and CNIT, with a strong background in implementing IoT innovations and linking them to PCS. COREALIS comprises ERTICO, the top EU association in ITS for freight transport, large industrial partners: ERICSSON, the world’s leading provider of technology in Telecommunications, mobile networks and cloud services, Dynniq, experts in energy modelling and logistics business models, NEC, experts in machine learning/data analytics for transport and SGS, experts in logistics queue management systems; a set of innovative SMEs: MARLO, leader in cloud logistics platforms, SEAbility shipping company and dissemination expert, and MOSAIC, expert in data analytics for logistics.
Port of Antwerp is Europe’s 2nd largest port, an important import/export port but also a very high value as transit port in Europe: it has more than 300 scheduled calls to more than 800 destinations. In 2017 the port handled an annual amount of 224 Mtonnes of international maritime freight. Antwerp is characterized as the biggest port area in the world: the area grew to exactly 12,068 hectares. In this area, the Port Authority gives land, warehouses, covering and quays in concession to companies to develop their commercial activities.
The central position of Antwerp provides its customers a vital link among biggest maritime and to Europe’s centres of production and consumption. Compared to neighbouring ports, Antwerp is the furthest inland (80 kms), allowing it to handle large volumes of freight. The Antwerp Port Authority seeks to achieve a better balance among the various modes of transport by switching to more sustainable options: rail and inland shipping, where further growth is anticipated. Antwerp is also at the junction of three major railway lines in Europe. Moreover, Antwerp’s location in the heart of the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta means it has a direct link to the pan-European inland shipping network.
The Port Authority looks forward to the coming five years by developing a Business Plan, which foresees a Competitive Port and also paves the way for the development of the Antwerp port area under the terms of the Regional Land Use Plan. As stated in Port of Antwerp business plan (2018-2020):
‘’Port of Antwerp is home to a global centre uniting maritime and logistical services, industry and trade. Our mission is to bring together employees, customers and stakeholders, to strengthen them and to boost their development. We do this by empowering our employees, facilitating our customers’ success and aligning with our stakeholders. Our key drivers are adaptability, innovation and digitalisation. We create sustainable added value and act responsibly towards society.”
The port of HaminaKotka is the biggest universal, export and trans-shipment port in Finland, with regular connections to all major European ports. The main traffic consists of timber, paper, metal and stone. The location and transport connections of the Port of HaminaKotka render it a major transit route and a hub for all modes of transport. The port area of 1,100 hectares hosts almost 200 companies, is one of busiest Container Terminals (CT) in the Baltic Sea, and a liquid terminal specialised in the storage and handling of liquid goods. It also, provides full logistic services from production to final destinations, namely: vessel loading and discharging, forwarding, customs services, transport, ship’s clearance and terminal services. Kotka Container Terminal is the leading container terminal in Finland and the main transit port to Russia, for Finnish export goods.
In 2016, port of HaminaKotka handled 13.4 million tons of cargo. The average tons of cargo per year is around 12,5 million (920.000 TEUs per year). The CT in Mussalo island (part of HaminaKotka port area) is the biggest CT in Finland and one of the busiest in Baltic sea. In 2016, its container traffic was ca. 631,000 TEU, but the terminal has capacity to handle annually 750,000 TEU. Steveco is the leading port operator in Finland and the market leader in the transport of the products of the Finnish wood-processing industry and in transit transport. Steveco Group has around 850 employees, of which about 500 are in Kotka.
The Livorno port, favorably situated in western Tuscany, plays a major role in the European internal trade, ensuring frequent and fast maritime connections to southern European countries, as well as in the EU external trade, thanks to its well-established linkages to northern African countries and the Americas.
Port of Livorno is taking part in the digital revolution around the maritime transport: today, 780,000 containers per year, 2.5 million passengers (ferry and cruises). Moreover, there is a big investment in Livorno for the new “Darsena Europa” (Europa docks) to accommodate large vessels (up to 19,000 TEUs) matching requirements in terms of depth, length of docks, appropriate loading / unloading equipment, storage areas.
Livorno is also considered a pivotal node in the logistic chains linking the Mediterranean to central-east Europe. The port of Livorno is an ideal reference for implementing ICT solutions oriented to sustainable growth because:
it is a mid-size port with a complex infrastructure yet expected to be relatively simple to interact with; the port and city are intertwined, as it often occurs in ancient (16th century) ports;
it is multi-purpose, including a variety of operations – containers, cargo via Ro-Ro, ferries and cruises.
Autorità di Sistema Portuale del Mar Tirreno Settentrionale- ADSPTS (along with CNIT) is leading a deep digital revolution, making port industrial activities more efficient and safer. The authority aims for a complete digitalization of port operations, through R&D and technology transfer: gathering, aggregating and storing data from producers (i.e. machines and humans), interconnect them through a fast network; provide services to port communities. The Authority participates in the “5G for Italy” program, a collaboration platform founded by Ericsson and TIM and other Italian industries, universities and institutions, to experience innovative use cases in the port scenario. The Authority targets also innovation towards an integrated workspace for the water front and landside (docks and terminals, road and rail networks).
Piraeus Container Terminal (PCT S.A.), is a large dynamic company and terminal operator with promising prospects for the future, wholly owned by COSCO Shipping Ports Limited (former COSCO Pacific Limited “CPL”);
PCT has undertaken since 2009 the implementation of the Concession Agreement for Piers II & III for a period of 35 years.
PCT main activities are the provision of loading/ unloading and storage services for import and export containers handled via Piraeus, including cargoes which use Piraeus only as an intermediary station (transhipment cargo).
The strategic location of Piraeus makes it an ideal port to be used as the South Gate of Europe and a hub for destinations in the Central and Eastern MED and the Black Sea.
The terminal being the first European Port after Suez Canal with access to Europe’s mainland, handles Ocean traffic coming from major Asian-European routes, with a large feeders’ network with short sea shipping traffic serving Mediterranean and Black Sea ports.
PCT currently operates two Piers with total capacity of 5,6M TEUs (to be upgraded to 6,2M TEUs in 2019). PCT will be able to accommodate 4 Giga Carriers with no draft limitation + 1 Carrier of 10.000 TEUs vessel with maximum draft of 13.8 meters concurrently.
With 30+ QCs, 150+ trucks, 60+ yard cranes and operations increasing more than 20% annually, PCT needs to plan in advance on how to coordinate, maintain and improve operational efficiency in a feasible and sustainable way.
PCT goals are to offer high quality services to ocean carriers, to Greek importers and exporters & to freight forwarders; aiming to make PCT S.A. the largest port in the Mediterranean; to attract ocean carriers to use Piraeus as their transshipment hub in the area; to fully utilize the port’s connection with the railway network offering 10 days shorter transit time to Central Europe destinations; to promote the value of its infrastructure (port facility, warehouse, multiple vessel calls from Far East and China), in order to attract big multinational companies to use Piraeus as their hub for Southeast Europe, Africa and Black Sea.
The Port Authority of Valencia, which trades under the name of Valenciaport, is the public body responsible for running and managing three state-owned ports along an 80km stretch of the Mediterranean coast in Eastern Spain: Valencia, Sagunto and Gandía. Valenciaport is Spain’s leading Mediterranean port in terms of commercial traffic, mostly containerised cargo, moving more than 4.8M of TEU and 73M tons of cargo in 2017 thanks to its privileged location, its dynamic area of influence and an extensive network connecting it to major world ports and because of this, the leadership of Valenciaport is based on:
Privileged location: Valenciaport is the first and last port of call for regular shipping lines operating in the Western Mediterranean, providing the following advantages
The closest commercial port to the Suez-Gibraltar axis – the main route for interoceanic shipping lines.
High capacity for concentrating and distributing traffic in the Western Mediterranean.
In addition, its geostrategic position on the Iberian Peninsula makes Valenciaport a natural port for interoceanic goods traffic by providing:
Reduced land transport time.
Well connected to distribute goods to and from all areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
Area of influence: Valenciaport is the perfect choice for any shipping lines because of its powerful area of direct influence – among the most dynamic in Europe – and its location close to southern European and north African countries.
Valenciaport’s direct area of influence has a radius of 350km – an area that generates 51% of Spain’s GDP and includes half of Spain’s entire working population.
Valenciaport is located in the heart of the Valencia Region, and has excellent road and rail connections to the centre of Spain, making it the ideal natural port for Madrid, and an essential platform for the entire Iberian Peninsula.
As a hub for the entire Western Mediterranean, Valenciaport efficiently distributes goods over a radius of 2,000km, both in southern EU countries and in North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya), representing a huge market of 270 million consumers.
Interoceanic and regional connections with other major world ports: Valenciaport offers a complete network of connections with major world ports thanks to:
Over 100 regular lines, among which are the world’s largest shipping companies.
Multiple regional connections that give Valenciaport an extensive capillary network for goods transport.
Valenciaport is the best and most efficient option for maritime trade in southern Europe, with connections to over 1000 ports throughout the world. The Port Authority of Valencia has port and intermodal infrastructure that make port activities and goods transport highly efficient and with competitive charges and tariffs.
Guaranteed quality service: Valenciaport boasts a tightly-linked Port Community, due to innovative elements such as its Quality Mark and the valenciaportpcs.net technology platform, and comprising all public and private economic agents providing services through the ports of Valencia, Sagunto and Gandía
DocksTheFuture will contribute to the European Union’s policy to increase the integration of maritime transport and TEN-T Ports into the global logistics chain.
DocksTheFuture is receiving, from the European Commission, a contribution of about 1.2 million Euros, to define the Port of the Future, meant as a near future (2030), which should face challenges related to simplification and digitalisation of processes, dredging, emission reduction, energy transition, electrification, smart grids, port-city interface and the use of renewable energy management.
The project is addressing a preliminary research on the Port of Future concept, the definition of several Port of the Future topics to be addressed and their related targets in 2030 and a preliminary list of projects that could be potentially clustered together with the RIA (“Research and Innovation Actions”) retained proposals.
Towards a green and sustainable ecosystem for the EU Port of the Future
The Port of the Future will be able to enhance sustainable development and to manage the resources to be invested and their employment for a competitive advantage.
The port of the future must be oriented to port community and have an operative strategic capability to work, in line with European purposes towards a Smart, Green and Interconnected Port. All in all, sustainable development is the present and future for ports that want to lead the industry supported by three cornerstones: Operational Excellence, Insightful Collaboration with partners through the supply chain, and top notch Safety, Health and Environmental practices. Thus, PortForward proposes a holistic approach that will lead to a smarter, greener and more sustainable port ecosystem.
PIXEL leverages an IoT based communication infrastructure to voluntarily exchange data among ports and stakeholders to achieve an efficient use of resources in ports.
PIXEL enables a two-way collaboration of ports, multimodal transport agents and cities for optimal use of internal and external resources, sustainable economic growth and environmental impact mitigation, towards the Ports of the Future. PIXEL will leverage technological enablers to voluntary exchange data among ports and stakeholders, thus ensuring a measurable benefit in this process. The main outcome of this technology will be efficient use of resources in ports, sustainable development and green growth of ports and surrounding cities/regions.
Built on top of the state-of-the art interoperability technologies, PIXEL will centralise data from the different information silos where internal and external stakeholders store their operational information. PIXEL leverages an IoT based communication infrastructure to voluntarily exchange data among ports and stakeholders to achieve an efficient use of resources in ports.